Action Against Hunger would like to conduct a needs assessment in its intervention areas to identify the pressing needs of communities and people affected with drought, conflict and natural hazards



  • Category : Baseline Consultancy
  • Posted Date : 09/21/2022
  • Phone Number : 0114702394
  • Source : Reporter
  • Closing Date : 10/10/2022


Action Against Hunger


 Call for Expression of Interest

In-depth Annual Need Assessment Data analysis and report writeup

Action Against Hunger is a non-profit humanitarian organization implementing relief, emergency and development programs in different parts of Ethiopia since 1985. Action Against Hunger has been registered as a Foreign Charity with the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, Charities and Societies Agency under registration no. 0032.

Annually, Action Against Hunger has undertaken an in-depth annual need assessment to identify and analyze communities pressing needs, gaps and priorities. Action Against Hunger is always exploring effective ways where we could serve the community we aim to support. Considering the upcoming new proposal for 2023, Action Against Hunger would like to conduct a needs assessment in its intervention areas to identify the pressing needs of communities and people affected with drought, conflict and natural hazards to better prepare and plan the assistance timely. Likewise, the 2022 assessment is planned to be held from September to October 2022.

Purpose of the assignment

The general objective of the needs assessment is to identify the pressing needs, priorities and capacity of communities affected with drought, crisis and natural hazards and thereby to mobilize resources to address the basic needs and create resilience among the community.

Objectives of the assessment

The specific objective is to collect and compile preliminary information to help Action Against Hunger and its partners understand the pressing and priority needs of the community, identify realistic options for response and provide clear recommendations to help in decision-making on the appropriate response based on the humanitarian imperatives and donor strategic priorities.


  • To identify the most pressing needs of the community, analyze the gaps, including scope and type of required interventions
  • To assess the capacity and limitation of existing institutions, facilities and other community-based structures in response to the crisis
  • To understand the behaviour and coping mechanism of the community towards the response of the current situation
  • To review and provide options and relevant recommendations towards multisectoral humanitarian response

Conceptual framework

The theoretical framework for essential needs assessments is based on the view that meeting essential needs is a requirement for well-being. It takes a household perspective, acknowledging the influence of community and individual-level factors on nutrition and well-being. Households adopt certain livelihood strategies depending on their access to assets, institutions and services and their economic capacities. These influence their capacity to meet their essential needs and therefore their wellbeing. To understand how households meet their essential needs, which needs are unmet and why, the essential needs assessment uses indicators that measure different aspects of the framework. The framework is based on the food and nutrition security conceptual framework and is therefore rooted in the ideas that underpin the sustainable livelihoods framework.

Scope of the assessment

Geographically, the assessment will cover all operational regions of the organization. This includes Gambella, Benishangul Gumuz, Oromia, Amhara, Tigray, and Somali regions. In each target region, the concerns and needs of the host community, IDPs, and refugees will be discussed and analysed. Whereas in terms of technical attention, the assessment will try to address the needs and priorities of the community about health and nutrition services, WASH, food security and livelihood, protection, and emergency shelter/NFI. The assessment will analyze gaps in the areas of food security and livelihood, shelter and non-food items, WASH, nutrition and health, education and protection. Finally, the assessment will examine the community priorities needs.

Tabla 1: Location of the assessemnt

Targeted Location  
# REGION / CITIES Zone Woredas Kebeles
1 Oromia 4 14 383
  Borena   4 79
  East Harerghe   3 141
  West Wollega   4 102
  Kellem Wollega   3 61
2 Amhara 2 8 113+
  Waghimra[1]   6 113
  South Gondar[2]   2+ TBD
3 Somali 2 6 93
  Shebelle   4 70
  Korahe   1 15
  Afdar   1 7
4 Tigray 3 10 91
  South Eastern   3 23
  Central   6 60
  Mekelle city   1 8 IDP sites
5 Benishangul-Gumuz 1 3 TBD
  Asosa (Bambasi and Odu)   2 TBD
6 Gambella 2 3 67
Camp 5 NA
  Agnwak   1 16
  Nuer   2 51
Total Region Zone Woreda Kebele Camp
6 15 43 779 5


Data Measuring Levels

Data will be measured on the following levels.

Community: Information is collected at the community level (for example, through community group discussions), and is designed to provide an overview of a specific community or key informants reporting on a specific geographical area.

Institution: Information is collected at the level of an institution or facility. This type of data gathering is commonly employed in health assessments

Household: Surveys will often ask questions that require a respondent to report as a representative of an entire household. Magnitude

Individual: Surveys can also ask questions at the individual level (requiring the respondent to report on their own opinions, experiences, and perceptions). It is also possible to interview at the individual level.

Action Against Hunger team will develop the range of data collection tool, lead and manage qualitative and quantitative data collection and share the dataset to the contracted firm for analysis and report write-up.

The external consultancy firm will clean and analyze the dataset and produce an assessment report with key recommendations to help in decision-making on the appropriate response based on the humanitarian imperatives and donor strategic priorities. The consultancy will review and analyze the relevant documents including but, not limited: primary and secondary data sources.

Methods of data collection

This survey methodology is expected to include: Data should be further disaggregated by gender and people with disability. The assessment team will entirely rely on the primary information source and methods to compile both quantitative and qualitative data for the assessment.

Primary data

Primary data sources will include mixed methodologies, using multiple means of collecting information to fill the identified gaps. This will include;

Key Informant Interviews (KII): will be used to triangulate and contextualize the quantitative findings. Structured interviews will be conducted with the selected individuals who are identified to have specific knowledge required in this assessment. They will provide answers on behalf of the larger community and institutions they present as well as their own personal views. KII for this assessment will be done at the zonal level, Woreda level, and kebele level. The targeted individuals will be Government officials, Health workers, Community leaders, CSO representatives, religious leaders.

Focus Group Discussion (FGD): Structured group discussions will be conducted, with small homogenous groups of people who will be identified by the preselection criteria. They will be conducted at the woreda level and kebele level. The focus group discussion will consist of groups of women and men group.

Observation: Direct observations by the enumerators will be happening in the process of collecting data.  This will include observing the environment in terms of availability of health facilities, access and status of service delivery sites, physical wellbeing of Children, and reactions of the interviewers among others that are directly related to this assessment.

Household Survey: This will be conducted to get essential information, which is not readily available in other sources. Such as demographics and the severity of the problem at the household level.  Sample size will be randomly selected, following the sampling plan provided.


Non-probability sampling approach will be used because of the time limitation for this assessment. Participants to the assessments will be selected by use of purposive sampling targeting those members of the society known to have the information required to feed in the assessment and random sampling for the Household surveys. Sampling for the Key Informants Inetrviews (KIIs) and  Focus Group Discussion (FGD) in the qualitative phase will be selected purposive.


Tabla 2: Sample frame

Targeted location HH Survey
# Bases Zone # Woredas # of Kebeles Estimated Population 384
1 Borena 1 3 79 427,076 54
2 Harer 1 3 141 535,412 199
3 Wollega 3 9 203 1,099,303 170
4 Gambela[3] 4 8 67 384,324 176
5 Tigray 3 10 91 474,565 229
6 Somali 2 6 85 364,812 261
7 Amhara 2 8 113 507,580 231
 TOTALS 14 47 779 3,793,072 384

The sample size was calculated using the sample calculator With a confidence level of 95%.

Sample size and distribution

Zonal structures will be selected purposely and all zones in each base will be part of the assessment. Whereas we will use mixed sampling techniques for the selection of Woreda and Kebeles in each zone and the selection process will take into account the severity of the humanitarian crisis, accessibility and security situation of selected locations.

Households will be selected randomly and household heads are purposely contacted to give the required information.

As mentioned above, KII will be conducted with government official representatives including DRM, Water and energy, health office, women and child office and agriculture office and ARRA, health workers encompassing health extension workers. In addition to these, representatives of community and religious leaders will be part of the assessment.

Sample size determination

It is difficult to assess the entire population because of feasibility and cost constraints. So, determining an efficient sample size has a great importance to overcome such challenges.

To determine the sample size for 2022 annula need assessement sample size formula will be used for household assessment for each location.

n   =    c2Np(1-p)    (A2N)+(c2p[1-p]) (Bhattacherjee, 2012).

Tabla 3: Community representative sample frame

Bases Questionnaires
Sample zone Sample Woreda KII (2 KII from sample Zone reprsentatved and 3 from each Woreda) HH survey FGD/Woreda (one FGD/woreda with different sex group)
Borena 1 3 9 45 3
Harar 1 2 7 56 2
Wollega 3 6 24 115 6
Gambella[4] 3 2 12 26 2
Tigray 2 5 19 50 5
Somali 2 3 13 39 3
Amhara 1 4 15 53 4
Total 14 25 99 384 25
10% of non-respondent     109 422 28


The Consultant will be expected to deliver the following key tasks-

  • An inception report with the detailed work plan, appropriate methodology for data analysis and reporting, timing, roles, and responsibilities of the assignment
  • Data cleaning and analysis – right after the execution of data collection by action against Hunger, the winning consultant will be responsible clean and analysis the dataset on the pre-defined indicators. Thus, the firm is mandated to share soft copies of electronic copy of coded raw data and processed data along with syntax
  • Draft report: the consultant is required to share the draft report prepared by bases and proactively address the comments (if any) provided by the organization technical team
  • Final report: the final report should address all comments given at draft stage and the report should separately for each base and a single general report for the country
  • Presentation of the key findings: subsequent to the submission of the final report, the consultant will present the key findings and recommendation of the report to the organization senior management and technical group
  • Report briefer: At the end, the consultant is expected to develop a two/three pagers of summary reports.

Users of the Survey

The main users of this finding will be the organization, partners and stakeholders to inform their future humanitarian and development programming.

  1. Minimum Requirements
    1. Profile of consulting firm
  • The consulting firm must have undertaken similar works in Ethiopia and specifically in depth annual assessment
  • Demonstrable experience (at least 7 years) in research/evaluation of projects related to the sectors (Health and nutrition, protection, Food security and livelihoods and WASH)
  • Ability to conduct high quality research, meet deadlines and respond to requests and feedback provided timely and appropriately.
  • Proof reporting writing skill with particular experience in execution a multisectoral and multi region context
  • Excellent track record in analyzing and writing quantitative and qualitative research, and evaluation.
  • Familiarity with international quality and accountability standards applied in development cooperation.
  • Excellent communication skills for report writing and presentation of research and evaluation of projects backed by extensive technical reports and publications.
    1. Lead consultant and evaluators
  • The lead consultant should have a minimum Master’s degree in rural development with very good knowledge of food security, resilience building, and knowledge of integrated interventions: public health, nutrition, agricultural and livestock systems, Livelihood diversification, environmental/natural resource management, etc.
  • The proposed team must include professionals from the field of public health, rural development/ Agricultural economics/food security and livelihoods and Water and sanitation with relevant degrees.
  • A well-grounded development specialist/ and or any related fields with excellent skills in research, monitoring and evaluation of resilience building projects.
  • A good understanding of resilience building and Disaster risk management initiatives in Ethiopia
  • Experience in multi-methodological and interdisciplinary approaches and data collection and analysis techniques in evaluation of development programmes.
  • Relevant degree and 15 years’ experience related to the assignment to be undertaken;
  • Significant experience in coordination, design, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of programmes;
  • Good communications skills and experience of workshop facilitation;
  • Legally registered firm with renewed license in related field of business and Tin Number.
  • Experience in working with INGOs and development projects is an asset.

Therefore, companies who fulfil the above specified criteria are kindly requested to submit your technical and financial proposals on/before 20 consecutive days starting from 20th September 2022 and the final date will be10th Oct, 2022 before 5:00 PM at the below address

Action Against Hunger Ethiopia Mission Addis Ababa Office

Bole Sub City, Woreda 04, House No 533 and 50meter from Chaka Coffee (Chechenia) round about.

If you need any assistance, please call on the office phones: +251-114-702394 or 09-13-68-57-04

[1] The assessment will be conducted if and only if the current security situation will be restored and staff being operate in the base

[2] If the situation will continue in Waghimra zone, the assessment will be undertaken in South Gondar zone

[3] The two intervention camps are taken as zonal and Woreda structures for the sampling purpose. Purposely Pagak inception center is excluded from the assessment

[4] Among all zones, two refugee camps will be purposely selected and again will take/decide one host community zone from the two of them.