The Poverty and social welfare Policy Study Center under PSI would like to employ three potential individual consultants


  • Category : Baseline Consultancy
  • Posted Date : 10/05/2022
  • Source : Reporter
  • Closing Date : 10/10/2022





The Poverty and social welfare Policy Study Center under PSI would like to employ three potential individual consultants who can work jointly with the Center to conduct a nationwide research entitled “Urban Housing Affordability and Its Implication on Poverty and Food

Security in Ethiopia.”

Background Information


The proposed research is aimed at investigating how increasing costs of urban housing affect food security and poverty in major urban centers across the country. In Ethiopia, it is understood that housing costs are rising faster than incomes, putting greater financial stress on urban households. Consequently, many low-income households suffer from food insecurity due to several barriers, the most important of which is insufficient income on top of high rental costs, food expenditures, and transportation costs. Poor families are forced to spend a large proportion of  their  income  on  accommodation,  so  as  housing  costs  increase,  food  insecurity tends  to increase as well. Given the competing needs for food and housing under the limited household income, there is lack of rigorous research on the associations between housing affordability and food security in Ethiopia.  Though it is non-existent the upcoming Ethiopian housing policy is expected to come up with the major dilemma of how to address the balance between: market liberalization, government intervention and social mechanisms in the housing process in order to realize the anticipated goal of ensuring adequate access to decent housing for all.  It is noted also that deeper understanding of the housing affordability of households in Ethiopia is one of the significant steps required to introduce innovative housing program. In line with this, the research is expected to examine how housing cost burden affects food security and poverty level among urban households. Accordingly, the study utilizes econometric techniques to estimate the impacts of housing expenses on shelter poverty and food security and system dynamics approach to forecast the housing supply and demand gap based on existing socio economic, policy and other contexts of the urban centers.

Objectives of the Research

The general objective of this study is to assess urban housing affordability and quality and its

implication for food security and poverty.  Specifically, the study aimed at the following specific objectives:

Constructing  the  housing  affordability  indices  using  various  dimensions:  income, expenditure and household size for Ethiopia

Comparing the residential housing affordability across different socio-economic groups, housing tenure groups and cities and towns.

Examining the effects of housing expenditure on poverty and food security

Examining the pattern of average rental prices across urban cities and towns in Ethiopia

Examining housing quality (physical characteristics, water, sanitation, location, size)    Forecasting urban housing demand and supply


To meet the objectives of the study, both quantitative and qualitative approaches will be employed. Primary data will be collected through survey, focus group  discussions and key informant interview while secondary data will be collected through detailed document analysis and  desk  review.  Descriptive  and  econometric  analysis  methods  will  be  employed  in  data analysis as required in meeting the objectives of the study.

Major Job Description (Activities)

The consultant will be required to;

ü  Undertake intensive theoretical and empirical review of related literature with regards to housing affordability indices, housing quality measures, and the impact of housing affordability on poverty and food security status of households.

ü  Conduct an assessment on how housing rental prices change over time (trends, patterns of average rental prices across cities and towns in Ethiopia )

ü  Identify policy gaps in relation to affordable housing to low income group of households in Ethiopia

ü  Generating link among rental cost of houses, food insecurity and poverty in urban

Ethiopia using state of art approaches.

ü  Develop a system dynamic model for the Ethiopian housing sector based on which projecting on the house supply-demand gap and other possible simulation model.

ü  Assess relevant policy (housing policy/regulation/legal framework) of Ethiopia (if any)

ü  Participate  in the review of data collection tools

ü  Identify international best practices and draw lessons that can be adopted in housing affordability in Ethiopia.

ü  Participate in research methodology design for both qualitative and quantitative data analysis and

ü  Conduct data analysis of both the primary and secondary data

ü  Develop draft analysis of findings

ü  Present the draft analysis on validation workshop

ü  Incorporate comments and feedbacks from the workshop on the draft analysis

ü  Present the final research finding in a closing workshop

ü  Develop policy brief (policy document) in Amharic language

ü  Submit the final document


ü  Data collection tools

ü  Inception report

ü  Inception report

ü  Theoretical and empirical review of literature (Theoretical framework)

ü   Summary of the research findings and implications for policy makers’ consumption

ü  First draft of compiled study

ü  Final version of the compiled study

ü  Brief  summary  of  the  research  findings  and  recommendations  for  policy  makers consumption in English and Amharic language

ü  Policy brief in English and Amharic language

Qualification for consultants

Specialization and expertise of Senior Researchers Qualification Required Number
Development Economics/Economics/International

economics/ economic policy analysis

PhD 3

Applicants for the lead researcher position should have terminal degree in the field of Development Economics, General Economics, Development studies, Applied Statistics, Econometric Modeling, Environmental Economics, or related Economics fields and who has publications or done his/her Ph.D. dissertation on related issues. Applicants should have teaching and research experiences in government universities, or he/she can also be a higher-level researcher in research institutions. For the researcher  position, applicants should have BSC degree in Economics and MA degree in Development Economics or other Economics related field of studies. He/she should have high level expertise in statistical analysis using different econometrics software. In addition to that applicants should have solid research experiences and publications related to the aforementioned study area.

NB: Prior consultancy experiences in Policy Study Institute (PSI) and national policy development and analysis is valuable.

Professional fee: will be as per the rate of Policy Studies Institute

Duration:  The duration of the consultancy service is 60 days (2 months) after the signing of the agreement between the consultant and PSI. However, the following condition needs to be met during the life time of the agreement.

  1. The consultant should accomplish every deliverable within two months as of the date of agreement.

Application Submission

Applicants should submit their CV and credentials in person to the Office of Human Resource Development Directorate Director at the Policy Study Institute, in front of national stadium, next to Betezata Hospital in ten consecutive working days following the announcement in newspaper.